Understanding the Skin
More than 85% of all adolescents and nearly 50% of all adult women are affected by acne with adult acne on the rise. There are many factors that cause acne in both teenagers and adults. Hormones, sebum production, follicle fallout, bacteria and inflammation are the main culprits.
Acne is a skin condition and is not curable, however it is treatable. Treatment and control of acne is an ongoing process. Daily skin care is an important factor in keeping break outs at bay.
Hormones: This begins in puberty and continues on in females during pregnancy and menopausal changes. The body begins to produce a hormone called androgens that over stimulate the sebaceous glands - in turn produces extra sebum (oil).
Extra Sebum: When the sebaceous glands are producing more oil it can mix with the bacteria and dead skin cells and clog the follicle - causing acne.
Follicle fallout: Rapid shedding of dead skin cells begin at puberty. The cells of the follicle lining rapidly shed causing the build up of dead skin cells. Normally this process mixes with sebum and flow up and out to the surface of the skin however with acne prone skin, this accumulation of dead cells and sebum sticks and clogs the pore causing a pimple.
Bacteria: P. acnes is a part of the skin's natural sebum. Once a follicle is clogged, P. acnes bacteria will grow and inflame the plugged follicle.
Inflammation: Is a natural response where blood cells attack intruders/bacteria. P. acnes multiplies in the plugged follicle causing redness and swelling.
Hyperpigmentation is caused by the overproduction of melanin (pigment) that is found just beneath the epidermis (outer most layer of skin). Overexposure to sun, tanning beds, fluorescent and ambient lighting induces UV rays that causes hyperpigmentation. Inflammation caused by UV rays triggers tyrosinase, an enzyme that is the catalyst of melanin (pigment) production.
Causes of hyperpigmentation:
- Sun Damage
- Fluorescent and ambient lighting
- Hormonal fluctuations: Menopause, hormone therapy, oral contraceptives and pregnancy
Effective ways to lift hyperpigmentation:
- Increase cell turnover - Daily care with Vitamin A (Retinols)
- Inhibit tyrosinase production
Signs of aging are sagging skin, fine lines and wrinkles, thinning skin, dryness/dehydration, hyperpigmentation and enlarged pores. Many of this is due to the body no longer producing estrogen, hyaluronic acid and the loss of hydration and collagen. The environment such as the sun, fluorescent/ambient lighting and pollutants contribute to 90% of aging - SPF is so important.
Effective ways to control aging skin:
- Increase Cell turnover with ingredients such as Retinol (derived from Vitamin A)
- Increase collagen production
- Inhibit melanogenesis / hyperpigmentation
- Increase hydration
- Protection of UV exposure (SPF)
SENSITIVE SKIN and ROSACEA
Sensitive skin is fairly common and is a condition that is difficult to define. Individuals who have sensitive skin define it as easily irritated, excessive dryness, persistent flushing and itchiness. Causes of sensitivity are rosacea, moisture loss, atopic dermatitis (Eczema) and psoriasis.
Rosacea is a common skin condition that is misunderstood but affects over 14 million Americans. Signs and symptoms are redness/flushing on the cheeks, nose, chin and forehead; vascular weakness, pimples and watery/irritated eyes.
Left untreated, rosacea will worsen over time. There is no known cure for rosacea however we offer several treatments that effectively manage rosacea and sensitive skin types.
pregnant / lactating /ingredient safe
It is important for pregnant/lactating women to treat their skin with ingredient safe products for hormal changes that often occur (Acne / Break-out prone / Melasma)
For acne/break-out prone changes in pregnant - ingredients such as vitamin A, Salicylic Acid and Benzoyl Peroxide are not recommended while pregnant/lactating. For Melasma (pregnancy mask), ingredient like hydroconone are not recommended while pregnant/lactating.
Oxygenating and mechanical exfoliating treatment are recommended to increase circulation and slough off dead skin to help even out skin tone. The results are not as "fast" as you would like - but safe and effective for while pregnant.